The Music Education major fulfills certification requirements for the student preparing to teach music in the public schools (grades K-12) of Pennsylvania. Recognizing that the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania does not distinguish between "elementary," "secondary," "choral," or "instrumental" when granting state certification to a teacher of music, Westminster College requires the same specific minimum theoretical and technical requirements of all Music Education majors, regardless of declared "concentration" or primary instrument or voice. The student must attain a high level of knowledge in music theory, music history, and professional education, and must show proficiency in all of the various skills which comprise the state administered standards and requirements for K-Twelve certification. The curriculum provides opportunities to develop the musicianship, pedagogy, and communication skills necessary to succeed as a certified music specialist in the teaching profession. The major prescribes a minimum of 96 semester hours in music courses.