Timothy Cuff, Professor of History, joined Westminster’s full-time faculty during the 2000-2001 academic year. He teaches US history courses, World Geography, Westminster 101, and Inquiry 111. His research interests focus on the 19th century United States and the outcomes of economic development. His book, The Hidden Cost of Economic Development: The Biological Standard of Living in Antebellum Pennsylvania, was published by Ashgate in 2005. His most recent publication, "Ladies from Hell, Aberdeen Free Gardeners, and the Russian Influenza: An Anthropometric Analysis of WWI-Era Scottish Soldiers and Civilians" was published in Economics and Human Biology. It documents both the stature levels of Scottish World War I era soldiers and civilians as well as the existence of an anomaly in the growth profile of both groups possibly related to in utero exposure to the influenza pandemic of 1889-1893 (the "Russian Influenza"). His current research, some in collaboration with advanced undergraduate students, addresses anthropometric history as well as the influenza pandemic of 1918.