Wisdom ceases to be wisdom when it becomes too proud to weep, too grave to laugh, and too selfful to seek other than itself. (Kahlil Gibran)


>>>Some of these instructions may not apply for Honors Inquiry or Honors Seminar. Please ask me if you have questions about what's on the syllabus that differs from what you read here.<<<


Criteria for evaluation



Attendance and punctuality in class may affect your participation grade. See the Undergraduate Catalog for the college's expectations and guidelines.


Class roll will be checked at the beginning of each class.


If you will be, or have been, absent or late for whatever reason, you must inform me as soon as possible and do make-up work (when applicable).


Perfect attendance will earn an extra 10% of your participation grade. Multiple absences or tardiness may affect your participation grade.

The mission of Westminster College is to help men and women develop competencies, commitments, and characteristics which have distinguished human beings at their best. The abuse of alcohol and other drugs serves only to undermine the attainment of these goals. The faculty therefore expects all students, as they do of themselves, to take seriously the implications of such risk-taking behaviors in their pursuit of a Westminster education.



Participation and attention during class, whether it is to the instructor or to other students, will affect your final grade.


You are expected to be prepared for every class by

being ready to summarize and identify the major issues or themes in the assigned readings, and

bringing at least 2 written questions or comments for each of the assigned readings (you may be asked to read them aloud in class).


The more connections you make with other course materials, esp. previous course materials, the more impressive the Qs and Cs will be.


You may be asked to read and expound the written Qs or Cs that are the most interesting or problematic to you. As you share your thoughts with the class, others may be invited to respond or share their own set of Qs or Cs.


You're expected to have read the text(s) carefully and be able to share the penetrating questions or issues in the readings that you discern in your reading, preparation, or even further research (which is always encouraged).


Your written Qs or Cs, the way you expound them, and the way you respond to others' Qs and Cs will constitute a significant part of the final participation grade.


>>>You do not have to understand everything before class, but you should demonstrate that you prepared and are familiar with the major issues in the text(s). Remember also that questions are more valuable than answers. You should include or suggest challenges, discoveries, insights, questions, etc. for class discussion.<<<


You may not be able to contribute during every class, but your overall willingness and effort to participate throughout the semester, in and outside class, will be noted for final evaluation. If you have any concerns about this (e.g., you're a shy person), please come talk to me about them. I will always listen.


Your participation in class discussions will be important. The discussion should include constructive criticism (of one another's points of view) in which all students are expected to take active part. Your critical responses to other students will be considered in assessing your participation in the course.


Occasional, ordinarily short assignments (e.g., summary of a reading assignment) may be used in assessing your participation.

 Written Assignments

Assignments are due before or at the beginning of class on the day they are due (unless otherwise indicated). If an assignment does not have a fixed due-date for the entire class (e.g., you get to choose the due-date), please send me an e-mail to let me know that your assignment has been submitted on time.


Assignments turned in late will be penalized an incremental grade per day (any exceptions will be at the discretion of the instructor). E.g., a written assignment graded B will be adjusted to B- if a day late or to C+ for being 2 days late. See below for an explanation of written assignment grade.


Assignments must be typed and double-spaced and conform to the following specifications:new

  • Microsoft Word document format (*.doc or *.docx) or Rich Text Format (*.rtf)new
  • name, box #, course (and section), date at the top of the first page (single-spaced)new
  • Bibliographies and footnotes (or endnotes) will not be counted as part of the specified word count.
    • Remember to italicize all book and journal titles.
  • >>>Honor pledge: At the end of each assignment to be submitted handwrite (or type) "This represents my own work." and sign (or type) your name to pledge your honor that you have not used others' work improperly, i.e., you have not copied or borrowed from someone else's work without proper documentation (see the note on plagiarism).<<<
  • stapled pages (only if submitting hard copy)

If you wish to practice better formatting and style (N.B.: recommended, not required):new

  • Do not justify the right margin.
  • page number on each page following the first page (i.e., not on the first page)
  • only one space, not two or three, between sentences (explanation)
  • no extra space between paragraphs
  • no cover page or cover of any kind

Edit your paper carefully (spelling, grammar, syntax, flow of argument, etc.). Use the Chicago Manual of Style as a general guide for writing (for help: NoodleTools). A paper that contains too many mistakes in spelling, punctuation, formatting etc. will not receive a grade above a D. If your writing skills need to be improved, I strongly encourage you to go to the Learning Center or to a writing professor for assistance—or ask a friend who is a good writer to help you edit your paper. Cultivate the art of clear articulation. It is guaranteed to bring future benefits, no matter what you do in life.

Use Google Scholar (much better for research than Google; click on "About Google Scholar" at the bottom of the page; use "Advanced Scholar Search" [triangle in the search box]).

Click here for tips on earning higher grades.

Also click here (then click "Writing tips" or scroll to the bottom).

Click here for tips on writing good papers.

Plagiarism Warning

In all cases, make sure that you give due credit to ideas, observations, conclusions, etc. that are not your own by using quotation marks, footnotes, etc. (see the Chicago Manual of Style for detailsfor help: NoodleTools).

Document each thought, each bit of information, or each sentence. You cannot “footnote” an entire paragraph.

If plagiarism (i.e., the presentation of another person's idea as your own) is found in your written work, the assignment will receive a zero. You may fail the course if plagiarism persists. To avoid problems, always give credit where credit is due.

You must read the most recent edition of Westminster's Academic Integrity policy in the Undergraduate Catalog. The policy can also be found in the Student Handbook and the Inquiry textbook.

Click here or here to read about Katie Couric's contretemps involving plagiarism.

See entertaining videos on plagiarism: video, interactive video (ignore the parts on MLA).

>>>I will be using Turnitin.com to encourage your cultivation of academic integrity and to evaluate your work. If your class is enrolled in Turnitin.com please use it to check for potential problems in your assignment that you should address before submitting it.<<<


Submission instructions:


Unless otherwise instructed, submit an electronic file of your assignment at Turnitin.com (or as an e-mail attachment if Turnitin.com is inaccessible).

Please name the file using your last name and a brief description of the assignment (e.g., "Smith paper #1").

If the due date is not the same for all students in the class, please send a brief e-mail to let me know that your assignment has been submitted on time.

Deciphering graded papers:




think about changes for improvement or correction (red highlight)




suggestion for deletion (red highlight and strikethrough)





suggestion for addition (green highlight)





instructor's comments (blue highlight within curly brackets)



>>>Not all highlighted corrections, suggestions, or comments have an impact on the evaluation (grade). I will also stop highlighting or commenting on a particular item if it is repeated several times. If you have any questions about any highlighted feedback, please come see me.<<<


If your paper is shorter than specified, I will deduct from your paper grade unless the content is exceptional.


If your paper is too long, I will stop reading after the specified number of words unless the content is exceptional.


Your paper will be evaluated for content and style according to the descriptions of the grades in the Inquiry reader (see also the Undergraduate Catalog).


grasp of the assignment

clarity of (1) the introduction, (2) the flow and argument of the paper, and (3) the conclusion

points or claims supported by evidence from text or other relevant sources



grammar and syntax


documentation (e.g., footnotes, endnotes, bibliography)

compliance with syllabus instructions

You may be given the chance to revise your paper, if you ask. Should you choose to do so, your revision will be evaluated and the final grade will be the average of the two.


The criteria for grading presentations are as follows:

evidence of thorough preparation and familiarity with the material presented

logic and flow of presentation:

Is there a logic to the flow of presentation?

Is it easy to follow?

Are the points and arguments clear?


effective oral communication:


eye contact


appropriate use of presentation aids (e.g., PowerPoint, video, CD, handout)


appropriateness and effectiveness for target audience


See my presentation evaluation page for details and the form (you and) I will use for evaluation. Unless otherwise stated, "communication skills" will be the least significant for my evaluation.


Click here (and search on your own) for tips on PowerPoint presentations. Tip: presentations by Apple tend to be very effective.new

 Quizzes & Examinations

All quizzes and exams will be fair; you will be informed about what they will cover.


A pop quiz will cover the readings assigned for or before the day the quiz is given.


If there is a particular question on a quiz or exam which no one in the class answers correctly, everyone will receive full credit for it.


My grading principles include the recognition of improvement, e.g., ordinarily weighing the performance of the second half of the semester significantly more than that of the first half. (How well you finish the semester is much more important than how much you had to struggle to get there.)


If you perform significantly worse on one graded exercise (assignment, test, etc.) than on others, I will ordinarily disregard the lowest grade or score for the final evaluation of your class performance.


If you think the grade you receive on any of your work is not fair, I will be more than willing to evaluate it again and go over the work with you.


Before you make your appeal, however, consider the general descriptions given in the Inquiry reader and the Undergraduate Catalog:




outstanding quality



superior quality






passing, but inferior




As far as I am aware, the grades earned at Westminster, as at most American colleges and universities, do not always reflect the descriptions in the Inquiry reader or the Undergraduate Catalog (e.g., B tends to represent satisfactory work rather than C). At the same time, grading according to the above standards may also carry unfair consequences for many students (e.g., financial aid disqualification, transcript misinterpretation). In the light of practical consideration and fairness, I will grade according to general Westminster practices (e.g., the average grade earned is about a B), but I will try to communicate honestly the quality of the work you do in the course. My main concern is to be fair and honest with you while reflecting the general grading practices at Westminster. If you have any questions or concerns about grades at Westminster or any grade your work receives in my classes, please come see me; I will be glad to listen and respond.

The conversion for scores and grades is as follows:







Click here for interesting observations about grades.






































































not turned in