Have you ever noticed that anybody going slower than you is an idiot, and anyone going faster than you is a maniac? (George Carlin)
102: final examination
The midterm exam will consist of the following:
1) terms (50%): identify 25 of 30 terms for which a brief description will be given (a list of all the terms will be provided)
2) several short-answer questions (20%): you may be given some options from which to choose; be able to discuss the main issues covered so far—the more details the better
3) 1 essay or 2 essays (30%): open-book/notes; you may be given some options (of essay questions) from which to choose; the more details the better
exam (N.B. the R-drive file with answers)
• highlighted terms
• all materials covered this semester: (focus on significant issues, especially as presented and discussed in class), including:
Be able to discuss the topics listed in the table of contents.
Review the online quizzes.
Know the main arguments in Mere Christianity (e.g., regarding morality; 4 cardinal virtues [3.2]; 3 theological virtues [3.10–12]).
• sample topics and questions
were the criteria for deciding which writings would be accepted as
What is a literal interpretation of the Bible? For whom was or is it important?
What is an allegorical interpretation of the Bible? For whom was or is it important?
What were some major developments in the Patristic Period?
Discuss the concepts of heresy and orthodoxy, including how they are related. Include the role they have played in various parts of the history of Christianity as well as the challenges that remain for contemporary Christian communities. How is heresy different from unbelief? How does this understanding of heresy affect the understanding of orthodoxy?
Discuss the doctrine of the Trinity.
Discuss the christological doctrine of incarnation.
How are Christology and soteriology related?
were the main issues debated during the Arian controversy? Why did Arius’s
opponents regard this as being so important; what was at stake? How did it
What were the main issues debated during the Pelagian controversy. What was at stake? How did it conclude?
What were the main issues debated during the Donatist controversy. What was at stake? How did it conclude?
Who is Augustine? Why is he so significant; in what ways has he influenced Christianity?
do Tertullian and Augustine think theology should be related to
philosophy? How about Aquinas?
What critical issue did the Chalcedonian definition address? How are (not) the two "natures" of Christ related?
What were some major developments in the Middle Ages? What are some features of scholastic theology?
What is a sacrament? Be able to discuss with examples.
What does fides quaerens intellectum mean? Whose dictum is it, and what significance did—and does—it have for Christianity? What would Tertullian say about it—and why?
What were some crucial issues for the Reformation?
What are some features of the Enlightenment? What areas of Christian theology were especially affected by the Enlightenment?
Comment on the following claim of C. S. Lewis: "God has not told us what His arrangements about the other people are. We do know that no man can be saved except through Christ; we do not know that only those who know Him can be saved through Him" (Mere Christianity, 2.5). Include what you learned from McGrath's book. Your critique?
the 2 main approaches of Christianity (in McGrath) to understanding its
relationship with other religious traditions: particularism and
inclusivism. What about pluralism? Your critique?
What are the “two books” of divine revelation? What does this idea suggest about the relationship between Christian theology and the natural sciences?
Why do so many Christians believe that God suffers? What difference does it make?
Give a brief summary of the main arguments for and against the baptism of infants. What's at stake?
Give a brief summary of the main arguments concerning the eucharist. What's at stake?