Guided reading for http://www.westminster.edu/staff/brennie/GrecoRomanReligion/GrecoRomanReligion.htm.

Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question. Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows. It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.

The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.

  1. What was one of the earliest civilizations of the Mediterranean world to leave substantial records in the second millenium B.C.E.?
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  3. What sorts of scripts were used in this civilization?
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  5. What was the most common element of their religion?
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  7. What civilization supplanted this earlier civilization after the fifteenth century B.C.E.?
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  9. What were the iatromantes and what sort of religion did they practice? (*)
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  11. What was a particular feature of the iatromantes’ understanding of human nature?
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  13. What did later Greek religion mainly concern?
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  15. What is "civic religion"?
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  17. What is mystery religion and when did it flourish? (*)
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  19. What was the most significant effect on Hellenistic religion of the expansion of Alexander’s empire?
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  21. What is meant by piety in this context?
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  23. What were the Eleusinian Mysteries? Which gods and goddesses did they principally concern? (*)
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  25. Explain the connection between the myths associated with the Eleusinian mysteries and agriculture. (*)
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  27. What is the common understanding of the relationship between Dionysian and Orphic religion?
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  29. Was the Dionysian use of wine merely an excuse for debauchery?