Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question.
Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer
essays in your quizzes.
Pages 90 - 98:
- What is the Hellenistic Period? What does Hellenistic mean?
- What is the Diaspora?
- When was the Bible (or parts of it) first translated into Greek?
- What is the Septuagint or LXX?
- What change accompanied the translation of the Hebrew scriptures into Greek?
- What was the initial reaction of the Greek culture to the Jewish traditions?
- Who were the Ptolemies and the Seleucids?
- Who were the Maccabees?
- What is the focus of the holiday called Hanukkah?
- After the Maccabean revolt what was the relationship of Hellenic culture and traditional Jewish law?
- Who are widely believed to be the autgors of the Dead Sea Scrolls?
- What are the Dead Sea Scrolls?
- What is pesher?
- What is Masada?
- What movement eventually emerged to carry on the traditions of Pharasaism?
- Who were the Samaritans?
- How did Christianity begin?
- What were Diaspora thinkers particularly interested in showing?
- What did Philo of Alexandria argue about biblical narratives such as the Garden of Eden?
- What is the Shema?
- What is the demiurge?
- How did Christianity's attitude to the Torah/Law differ from that of Judaism?
- What is eschatology?
- What are nefesh and Sheol?
- What does Hebrew thought tell us about paradise or resurrection?
- What references does the Hebrew Bible make to the resurrection of the dead? (*)
- What did the term "messiah" originally mean? (*)
- What began to take on a new significance in the Persian period? Why might this be?(*)