Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question. Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
Pages 404 - 420:
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.
- What has happened to Muslims, not only in Iran but elsewhere? (*)
- What we need to do in order to understand the modern world?
- What particular reason is given for this?
- When and where did the term "fundamentalism" originate? (*)
- Who was responsible for the distribution of the booklets, The Fundamentals?
- What do fundamentalists reject above all? (*)
- For what was John T. Scopes brought to trial in 1925? What eventually happened to that law?
- Who emerged as the victors of the Scopes trial?
- Are fundamentalists conflict or complementary dualists?
- What justifies the extension of the term "fundamentalism" to other cultures than the Christian culture in which it originated? (*)
- What other important challenge faces religious communities in the 21st-century?
- In what two possible ways might God’s granting "dominion over all the earth" to human beings be interpreted? (*)
- What did Lynn White’s 1967 article prompt? (*)
- What did Sulak Sivaraksa argue concerning the environment?
- Whose preference for small-scale, locally-based technology has inspired many organizations around the world dedicated to environmental
- What significant difference is indicated between Canada and the United States on one hand, and Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and
Turkey on the other hand?
- What is Min-al-Alaq?
- What has only recently been officially recognized in India?
- What is it safe to assume about the question “aren't all religions pretty much the same?”
- What does missionary activity presume? (*)
- What began with the Delhi sultanate in the 13th century?
- What do Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam have in common? (*)
- What does the term “pluralism” denote? (*)
- How is pluralism contrasted with tolerance? (*)
- How is pluralism distinguished from secularism?
- What value does pluralism place on the faith and practice of different communities? On what assumption does it do so?
- What does dialogue demand in contrast with missionary argumentation?
- What was significant about the Mughal Indian emperor Akbar?
- What began in 1893 and 1948 respectively?
- How did the Baha'i faith appear in one of these conferences?
- To what must both participants in dialogue be open?
- Of what is real understanding a matter? Of what is it not matter?
- To what does the 1978 Jonestown tragedy stand as a challenge? (*)
- How might the ideal aim of Indigenous people be comparable to Marxism and Christian reformism?
- By what is one person's freedom to practice or promote a religion limited?
- What test is suggested by Jesus’ words “by their fruit you shall know them” (Mtt. 7:16)? (*)
- What serious theological challenge does pluralism pose?
- Of what do current events make us painfully aware?