Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.

Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question. Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows. It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.

Pages 388 Ė 418:

The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.

  1. What does a definition seemingly as basic as "belief in a god or goddess" not take into account?
  2.  

  3. How was the word "sect" used in the early 1900s?
  4.  

  5. How was the word "cult" originally used?
  6.  

  7. What did the practice of cults often include?
  8.  

  9. What was the underlying belief in most cultic mass suicides?
  10.  

  11. In whom did the roots of Soka Gakkai lie?
  12.  

  13. Who were Makiguchi Tsunesaburo and Toda Josei?
  14.  

  15. What two things does Soka Gakkai have in common with most new religious movements? (*)
  16.  

  17. What were the goals of Soka Gakkai?
  18.  

  19. What is the relation of Nichiren Soshu and Soka Gakkai nowadays?
  20.  

  21. What is or qi or chi?
  22.  

  23. On what with the teachings of Li Hongzhi based?
  24.  

  25. What happened to Falun Dafa about July 1999?
  26.  

  27. What is the relationship of Falun Dafa with the Chinese government?
  28.  

  29. Who was Chaitanya?
  30.  

  31. What is the Hindu meaning of the word "avatar"?
  32.  

  33. Who is Radha?
  34.  

  35. What was at the heart of the tradition that Prabhupada introduced to the West?
  36.  

  37. What do many ISKCON devotees carry?
  38.  

  39. What new profession came into existence in reaction to ISKCON? (*)
  40.  

  41. How has ISKCON been received in India?
  42.  

  43. What four new religions arising from Abrahamic traditions are considered?
  44.  

  45. In what language and script was the Book of Mormon supposedly inscribed?
  46.  

  47. What is the Pearl of Great Price?
  48.  

  49. What became known as the "Community of Christ"?
  50.  

  51. What are young adult Mormons expected to do after completing high school?
  52.  

  53. What do distinctive Mormon doctrines and practices include?
  54.  

  55. Is Mormonism a new religion or new denomination of Christianity?
  56.  

  57. What is the main point of divergences between the Baha'i faith and Islam?
  58.  

  59. Who was Mirza Husayn 'Ali Nuri?
  60.  

  61. Where is the world headquarters of the Baha'i faith today?
  62.  

  63. Who was Shoghi Effendi?
  64.  

  65. What does the Baha'i Faith actively advocate and proclaim? (*)
  66.  

  67. Which is virtually the only prayer said in unison by Baha'is?
  68.  

  69. What Baha'i practices are similar to Islamic practices?
  70.  

  71. How many adherents are there to the Baha'i faith?
  72.  

  73. When and where was the nation of Islam established?
  74.  

  75. What was the most fundamental difference between the Nation of Islam and Islam itself?
  76.  

  77. What is "Shabbaz"?
  78.  

  79. Why did Malcom X take the surname X?
  80.  

  81. What was the relationship of Malcom X and the Nation of Islam after 1964?
  82.  

  83. What is the World Community of al-Islam in the West?
  84.  

  85. What was the most difficult change that Lewis Farrakhan made to the new Nation of Islam?
  86.  

  87. What is the Zohar
  88.  

  89. How does the Kabbalah Centre define Kabbalah?
  90.  

  91. What is the Ein Sof?
  92.  

  93. What is Kabbalistic numerology?
  94.  

  95. What does Kabbalah do for the ego?
  96.  

  97. What did Ray Buckland do and when?
  98.  

  99. What does Neo-Pagan witchcraft seek to do in general?
  100.  

  101. What event preceded the 1954 founding of the Church of Scientology?
  102.  

  103. What is the eighth dynamic?
  104.  

  105. What are engrams?
  106.  

  107. What did L. Ron Hubbard once suggest to a meeting of science fiction writers?
  108.  

  109. What happened to Scientology in 1993?
  110.  

  111. How many followers does Scientology actually have? (*)
  112.  

  113. How do the RaŽlians give a novel twist to their interpretation of the Biblical flood?
  114.  

  115. What does the RaŽlian movement hope one day to create?
  116.  

  117. What was the significance of the bombing of Hiroshima for the RaŽlians?
  118.  

  119. Do new age religions draw on Eastern or Western traditions?
  120.  

  121. For what has "new age" become a shorthand term? (*)
  122.  

  123. What may constitute one of the lasting contributions of the new-age movement?
  124.  

  125. What becomes of the few new religions that survive and prosper?

 

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