Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question.
Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.
Pages 305 – 312:
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.
- What was one external impetus for Islamic reform? (*)
- What did the crusaders take home with them that was also left in Muslim lands?
- What was the Wahhabi movement? What did it preach?
- What is jihad? What is the "inner jihad?" (*)
- Where in particular did Sufi Shaykhs spearhead a long struggle against colonialism?
- Where and when did the movement of al-Mahdi establish an Islamic state?
- What do Ahmadis maintain about Jesus?
- Who landed in Egypt in 1798?
- What largely stimulated the Aran renaissance of the 19th century?
- What was the Mughal dynasty?
- Who led the most important reform movement of modern times on the Indian subcontinent?
- What was the "Anglo-Muhammadan Law?"
- Who was the greatest Muslim thinker of modern India?
- How did Kemal Ataturk transform the state in Turkey?
- How did Ataturk's program perform?
- For what did Rashid Rida argue in his 1924 treatise on the Supreme Caliphate? Where was his plan implemented?
- What was the aim of the Muslim Brothers founded in 1928 by Hasan al-Bana?
- Who were Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, and Hosni Mubarak?
- What do most contemporary Islamic revivalist movements reject as decadent Western values and practices?
- What happened in the Sudan in 1969? What were its results?
- Upon what did Ruhollah Khomeini and his fellows build the Iranian Islamic Republic?
- What is the meaning of the title "ayat Allah" (="ayatollah")?
- What was odd about the 2009 Swiss ban on minarets on Mosques?