Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question.
Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.
Pages 246 – 265:
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.
- What did most Christians believe about the Bible until the nineteenth century?
- What could be done in respect of the Bible by the end of the nineteenth century? (*)
- Who was Utnapishtim?
- On what assumption do historians now operate regarding the Bible?
- What did Schweitzer argue in the Quest for the Historical Jesus?
- What does the name ‘evangelical’ indicate? Of what are they often convinced? (*)
- What is at the heart of the matter in modern issues for committed Catholics?
- When was the First Vatican Council and to what did it devote its political energies?
- What was increasingly spoken of as infallible after the First Vatican Council?
- What was ‘Vatican II?’
- What breach developed after the encyclical of Pope Paul VI called Humanae Vitae?
- What was evident in the Roman Catholic Church’s move to declare papal infallibility? What Protestant move does this parallel? (*)
- What was formed in 1948? In response to what?
- With which Papacy is the Roman Catholic move into ecumenism primarily associated?
- What was one test of any renewal of Christianity to Quakers, Congregationalists, and Methodists?
- Why was the ministry a source of leaders in Black American communities?
- What issues largely replaced the moral concern over alcohol abuse and temperance as the twentieth century opened?
- Who were Walter Rauschenbush and Washington Gladden?
- How does the textbook describe the Christian ideal for society?
- What religion or religions were Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels?
- What was the one move that Marx, along with Ludwig Feuerbach, was convinced one had to make if humanity was to be fulfilled?
- What was the Marxist criterion of success (and how does this compare to Quakers, Congregationalists, and Methodists)?
- What are the affinities between Marxist thought and the Judaeo-Christian heritage?
- Of what does Liberation theology make use?
- What propelled Karl Barth to prominence at the end of the First World War?
- Compare Tillich's characterization of religion to that of Barth.
- What is the idea of God for Charles Hartshorne?
- How does the textbook characterize both Protestant and Catholic fundamentalism? (*)
- How can a liberal stance be considered more demanding than a fundamentalist one?
- Who are Barbara Harris and Lois Wilson?
- Why might it not be enough to redress the patriarchal bias of the Christian tradition to point to female symbols of divinity?
- For what do some praise the Church in this context? For what do others blame it?
- To what do we now refer as Pluralism? (*)
- Of what are we becoming conscious, according to Wilfred Cantwell Smith? (*)