Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question.
Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.
Pages 227 – 246:
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.
- What did Jesus say about how and where to pray?
- What is the heart of the ritual in the typical Eucharist service?
- What are catechumens?
- What did sacramentum originally mean?
- How do Anglicans describe the concept of sacrament?
- When was the second council of Nicea? (When was the first?)
- What exactly is a ‘relic’ in this context?
- Is pilgrimage comparable to modern tourism? Why or why not?
- What is said to be house in the sanctuary of la Sainte Chapelle in Paris?
- What do Protestants claim in respect of the Christian’s access to God?
- How did Calvin and Zwingli influence the subsequent Protestant understanding of the Eucharist?
- What is a Lectionary?
- What do we know about the actual time of year that Jesus was born? (*)
- What is the case with some elements of Christmas observance in the English-speaking world?
- Why does Easter have a variable date?
- When does Easter occur according to the Latin Church?
- What is "Lent?" What is the origin of the word?
- What is the origin of the word "Easter?" (*)
- What is the connection between the Christian Pentecost and the Jewish festival of Shavuoth?
- When did the Christian symbol of the cross become widespread?
- Were there any pre-Christian uses of the symbol of the cross?
- What three things do the letters IHS signify in Christian Churches?
- How did portrayals of the figure of Jesus change after the patronage introduced by Constantine?
- Where did Christians meet during the first three centuries of the Christian Era?
- How did the meeting places of the Christians change in the fourth century?
- What and where is Hagia Sophia?
- What is the difference between a Byzantine and a Gothic arch?
- What is a requiem mass?
- What was Protestantism's attitude to music as opposed to the visual arts?
- What is generally known as the Enlightenment?
- What is Deism?
- How did Freidrich Schleiermacher characterize religion?
- What focus was shifted in the line of inquiry pioneered by Søren Kierkegaard?
- How does the textbook describe ‘the problem of evil?’
- Who coined the term "sociology?"
- Where did Emile Durkheim locate the origin and essence of religion? What is the god of the clan for Durkheim?
- What are Freud's views on religion?
- What is the challenge for modern religions thought posed by psychology?
- What did Darwin stress in his Descent of Man?
- What do denominational names like ‘the Christian Church,’ ‘Disciples of Christ,’ ‘Churches of Christ’ bespeak?
What became of these movements before long?
- What did Seventh-Day Adventism stress besides its eschatological expectations?
- What do the Jehovah’s Witnesses think of holidays such as Christmas?
- Who was Mary Baker Eddy?
- Who was Joseph Smith and of what was he persuaded?
- When and where can the birth of the modern Pentecostal movement be located?
- What does Pentecostalism emphasize? (*)
- How did Sir Harry Johnston, as an example of a British colonial administrator, see the missionary enterprise and each mission station?
- What was the policy of the British East India Company towards missionaries?