Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question.
Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.
Pages 178 – 190:
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.
- What led to “the greatest geographic advances” in the history of Christianity? (*)
- From when did Arab Muslims control Jerusalem? When did the Christian West attempt to “liberate” it?
- What is the Malleus Maleficarum?
- When was it first claimed that membership of the (Roman) Church was absolutely necessary for salvation?
- What principle did canon law (the laws made by the Church to govern the members of the Church) preserve?
- What is an “epistemological question”? (*)
- Who was the greatest of the Aristotelian scholastics? (*)
- What were the key theological questions of the age (the 14th Century)? (*)
- What does it mean to say that the Mysticism of Meister Eckhart (1260 – 1327) was “unitive”?
- What happened to the Cistercians that had previously happened to the Cluniacs?
- After whom were the “Poor Clares” named?
- What did celibacy achieve in addition to more obvious effects?
- What characterized communities of “canonesses”?
- What does Beguine love poetry celebrate?
- What do the traditions of particular saints include in some places?
- To what can some artistic depictions of Mary be traced?
- When is “the early Medieval period”? What changes occurred to the Christian Liturgy at that time?
- To what did ongoing architectural changes in the later Medieval (c. 15th Century) contribute?