Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.

Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question. Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows. It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.

Pages 163 – 178:

The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.

     

  1. What is an ecumenical Council? (*)
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  3. What is the difference between Homoousios and Homoiousios? (*)
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  5. Who was the first ruler anywhere to establish Christianity as a state religion?
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  7. What is “radical dualism”?
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  9. What sort of sect was Montanism?
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  11. What did Augustine of Hippo (354-430) believe of Pelagius (354-420)?
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  13. What laid the foundations for the basic categories of theology in the West?
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  15. How does Fletcher describe the habits retained from ancient religious practices?
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  17. To what did doctrinal disputes lead?
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  19. What lay behind the theological niceties?
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  21. What was the Maronite Church of Lebanon always part of?
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  23. What two rituals do the earliest records suggest to be critical to the identities of the first communities?
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  25. Upon what did the idea of the Eucharist draw?
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  27. What questions began to arise within the Christian community from the 3rd Century forward? (*)
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  29. Was the idea of living under an ascetic discipline unique to Christianity?
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  31. What is the difference between anchorites and cenobites?
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  33. What happened in 1453?
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  35. When and why did Moscow replace Kiev as the center of Russian religion and politics?
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  37. What evidence indicates that early Christian services must have included chanting?
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  39. What happened to pictorial representations of Jesus after Constantine (272-337) made Christianity mainstream?
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  41. What did the Second Council of Nicaea (787) decide concerning icons?
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  43. What evidence is there that the dispute over icons might have had something to do with the success of Islam? (*)

 

Additional notes: