Guided Reading for The Western Traditions.
Find the answer to each of these questions as it is given in the textbook before moving on to the next question.
Some answers, drawn from the textbook alone, will be rather simplistic. They can, and should, be elaborated upon as your knowledge of the subject grows.
It is part of the Guided Reading assignments that student should ASK as well as answer questions.
Pages 166 – 185:
The symbol (*) after a question indicates that these might be used for longer essays in your quizzes.
- What does identifying oneself as a Christian involve?
- Do you notice anything particular in the first four dates in the "Timeline" on p. 167?
- What is a parable? What is the Apocalypse?
- Do you notice anythin particular about the account of Jesus and the money changers in the Temple?
- Why is Jesus called Christ?
- Why is it fitting that Mark’s gospel has a Roman centurion call Jesus the son of God?
- What did Jesus emphasize to a particular degree?
- Upon what does our understanding of Jesus depend?
- What does the early Christian literature demonstrate?
- As what is it helpful to think of each gospel? (*)
- Which gospel is generally considered to be the earliest? (*)
- How does the gospel of Mark start?
- What does ‘Hosanna’ mean in Hebrew prayer?
- What does the capital letter ‘Q’ indicate in this context?
- What does the gospel of Luke contain which is not found in that of Mark? (*)
- What does Luke omit which is found in Matthew?
- What readership did Luke appear to have in mind?
- What readership was Matthew addressing?
- What account might Matthew’s narration of the Nativity be suggested to echo? (*)
- How does the Greek translation differ from the Hebrew text of Isaiah 7:14?
- Does Mathew’s gospel contain any errors in the use of scripture?
- What appears as the minimum core of Jesus' intent as teacher?
- What are the ‘synoptic’ gospels?
- Why is Mark’s gospel (and all the others) said to be ‘an interpretation?’
- How does John relate Jesus and Moses?
- What does the Greek word ‘Christ’ mean?
- How does John portray Jesus?
- When was Jesus status as a manifestation of God spelled out in the doctrine of the Trinity?
- Why were the disciples gathered in Jerusalem seven weeks after the crucifixion?
- Why should early Christians have been at pains to distance themselves from other Jews?
- What privileged status did Paul hold?
- What idea does Paul reject concerning salvation?
- The interpretation of what concept later became a major issue in Christian theology?
- When did Paul die?
- What was Marcion’s principal influence?
- What other spiritual and doctrinal challenge did early Christians face?
- How did we mainly know about Gnostic teachings before the discovery of the Nag Hammadi manuscripts?
- Who was Mani?
- Were women ordained in the early Church?
- To whom did Paul refer as ‘the saints?’
- Which communities might possibly have served as models for Christian monasticism?
- What are ‘stylites?’ Give an example.
- What does the Greek word monos suggest as the origin of our word monastic?
- What was the relationship of the early Christians to Roman civic religion?
- What was the reward for the faith of the martyrs?
- What factors helped to attract many pagans to become Christian? (*)
- What happened in 303 C.E.?
- According to whom was the Emperor Constantine's conversion sparked by a vision of a cross?
- What evidence is there that conversion to Christianity after the vision of Constantine was not sudden and complete?
- What was particularly significant about the reign of the emperor Theodosius?
- How have Christians defined themselves and what has this led to in their expectations about other traditions?
- What evidence do we have concerning the use of the Apostles’ Creed in the first generation of the Christian Church?
- How does the Apostles’ (and the Nicene) Creed relate to the doctrine of an incorporeal afterlife (that is to say, without a body)? (*)
- How does the Nicene Creed differ from the Apostles’ Creed?
- What did Origen of Alexandria write about the Holy Spirit?
- Why was the population of the Roman Empire intensely interested in theological issues?
- How is "orthodoxy" described?
- What did Constantine hope about a unified Church? What did he do about it?
- What is Christology?
- What was believed about the person of Christ according to:
The Greek and Latin Churches?