The Logic Final Examination
(Failure to pass
the final will be failure to pass the course
--no matter what your other grades may be.)
The exam will
consist of a total of 20 questions covering:
- Definitions of the basic terms of logic, such as argument, inference,
- The relationship of premises and conclusions.
- Basic argument diagrams showing premises and conclusions, independent and
- The distinction between argument and explanation.
- Aristotelian analysis of standard form categorical propositions: A, E, I,
and O propositions and the rules of distribution.
- The Aristotelian square of the oppositions and the immediate inferences
(Remember that inferences are best defined in terms of their
respective truth and falsity: eg. contraries cannot both be true, but they can
both be false).
- The other immediate inferences.
- Venn diagrams for categorical propositions and standard form categorical
- The Rules and Fallacies of standard form categorical syllogisms.
- Mood and figure (you will be given the four figures)
- The common valid argument forms; disjunctive syllogism, pure and mixed
hypothetical syllogism (modus ponens and modus tollens are the two valid
- Basic Symbolic Logic including:
Deriving the truth of a compound statement by applying the definitions of
conjunctions, disjunctions, and hypotheticals,
Showing the specific forms of arguments as conditional statements,
The use of truth tables to determine validity,
- Informal fallacies: you will be given three fallacies and three examples
and asked to fit the definition to the fallacy. You will also be asked to
define three named informal fallacies.