(Failure to pass the final will be failure to pass the course

--no matter what your other grades may be.)

The exam will consist of a total of 20 questions covering:

- Definitions of the basic terms of logic, such as argument, inference, premise, etc.
- The relationship of premises and conclusions.
- Basic argument diagrams showing premises and conclusions, independent and co-dependent premises.
- The distinction between argument and explanation.
- Aristotelian analysis of standard form categorical propositions: A, E, I, and O propositions and the rules of distribution.
- The Aristotelian square of the oppositions and the immediate inferences
involved.

(Remember that inferences are best defined in terms of their respective truth and falsity: eg. contraries cannot both be true, but they can both be false). - The other immediate inferences.
- Venn diagrams for categorical propositions and standard form categorical syllogisms.
- The Rules and Fallacies of standard form categorical syllogisms.
- Mood and figure (you will be given the four figures)
- The common valid argument forms; disjunctive syllogism, pure and mixed
hypothetical syllogism (modus ponens and modus tollens are the two
*valid*forms).

- Basic Symbolic Logic including:
Deriving the truth of a compound statement by applying the definitions of conjunctions, disjunctions, and hypotheticals,

Showing the specific forms of arguments as conditional statements,

The use of truth tables to determine validity,

DeMorgan's Theorems.

- Informal fallacies: you will be given three fallacies and three examples and asked to fit the definition to the fallacy. You will also be asked to define three named informal fallacies.