Westminster

Cumulative Season Statistics


Overall Team Statistics


Westminster College Football 2007 Westminster Overall Team Statistics (as of Nov 21, 2007) All games TEAM STATISTICS WES OPP -------------------------------------------------------- SCORING....................... 202 290 Points Per Game............. 20.2 29.0 FIRST DOWNS................... 195 179 Rushing..................... 74 81 Passing..................... 105 84 Penalty..................... 16 14 RUSHING YARDAGE............... 1088 1532 Yards gained rushing........ 1464 1788 Yards lost rushing.......... 376 256 Rushing Attempts............ 374 378 Average Per Rush............ 2.9 4.1 Average Per Game............ 108.8 153.2 TDs Rushing................. 12 20 PASSING YARDAGE............... 2128 1812 Att-Comp-Int................ 314-205-11 277-154-3 Average Per Pass............ 6.8 6.5 Average Per Catch........... 10.4 11.8 Average Per Game............ 212.8 181.2 TDs Passing................. 17 16 TOTAL OFFENSE................. 3216 3344 Total Plays................. 688 655 Average Per Play............ 4.7 5.1 Average Per Game............ 321.6 334.4 KICK RETURNS: #-YARDS......... 49-805 40-839 PUNT RETURNS: #-YARDS......... 23-166 27-292 INT RETURNS: #-YARDS.......... 3-17 11-232 KICK RETURN AVERAGE........... 16.4 21.0 PUNT RETURN AVERAGE........... 7.2 10.8 INT RETURN AVERAGE............ 5.7 21.1 FUMBLES-LOST.................. 16-9 14-7 PENALTIES-YARDS............... 76-607 64-589 Average Per Game............ 60.7 58.9 PUNTS-YARDS................... 51-1916 52-1824 Average Per Punt............ 37.6 35.1 Net punt average............ 31.8 31.9 TIME OF POSSESSION/GAME....... 32:48 27:12 3RD-DOWN CONVERSIONS.......... 59/140 50/143 3rd-Down Pct................ 42% 35% 4TH-DOWN CONVERSIONS.......... 6/18 20/32 4th-Down Pct................ 33% 62% SACKS BY-YARDS................ 20-120 25-143 MISC YARDS.................... 21 38 TOUCHDOWNS SCORED............. 29 40 FIELD GOALS-ATTEMPTS.......... 2-7 5-6 PAT-ATTEMPTS.................. 22-27 31-38 ATTENDANCE.................... 8038 7884 Games/Avg Per Game.......... 5/1608 5/1577 Neutral Site Games.......... 0/0 SCORE BY QUARTERS 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Total -------------------- --- --- --- --- --- Westminster......... 63 62 34 43 - 202 Opponents........... 66 104 50 70 - 290

Overall Individual Statistics


Westminster College Football 2007 Westminster Overall Individual Statistics (as of Nov 21, 2007) All games RUSHING GP Att Gain Loss Net Avg TD Long Avg/G ---------------------------------------------------------------- Nick McKolosky 10 238 1083 105 978 4.1 5 39 97.8 Chad Rosatelli 10 25 108 16 92 3.7 1 19 9.2 Mike Coleman 4 15 59 2 57 3.8 0 13 14.2 Jacob Shaffer 10 17 40 0 40 2.4 3 6 4.0 Josh Kutzner 10 11 25 0 25 2.3 1 4 2.5 Dusty Rhodes 10 1 12 0 12 12.0 0 12 1.2 Jason Discello 10 1 2 0 2 2.0 0 2 0.2 Brett Myers 10 13 30 30 0 0.0 0 9 0.0 Kevin Franz 9 43 105 140 -35 -0.8 2 19 -3.9 TEAM 10 10 0 83 -83 -8.3 0 0 -8.3 Total.......... 10 374 1464 376 1088 2.9 12 39 108.8 Opponents...... 10 378 1788 256 1532 4.1 20 53 153.2 PASSING GP Effic Att-Cmp-Int Pct Yds TD Lng Avg/G -------------------------------------------------------------------- Kevin Franz 9 136.33 260-172-9 66.2 1797 15 74 199.7 Brett Myers 10 117.41 54-33-2 61.1 331 2 37 33.1 Total.......... 10 133.07 314-205-11 65.3 2128 17 74 212.8 Opponents...... 10 127.44 277-154-3 55.6 1812 16 63 181.2 RECEIVING GP No. Yds Avg TD Long Avg/G ------------------------------------------------------ Brett Ziegler 10 52 696 13.4 6 74 69.6 Jason Discello 10 32 322 10.1 2 32 32.2 Nick McKolosky 10 29 200 6.9 1 22 20.0 Chad Rosatelli 10 24 253 10.5 6 30 25.3 Jordan Belosh 10 20 171 8.6 0 16 17.1 Jon Gubish 10 16 150 9.4 0 14 15.0 Josh Kutzner 10 9 61 6.8 0 14 6.1 Nick Sorice 10 8 92 11.5 0 37 9.2 Jack Seifert 10 6 109 18.2 0 33 10.9 Gary Hutsler 10 6 60 10.0 1 18 6.0 Jacob Shaffer 10 3 14 4.7 1 7 1.4 Total.......... 10 205 2128 10.4 17 74 212.8 Opponents...... 10 154 1812 11.8 16 63 181.2 PUNT RETURNS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Jon Gubish 19 141 7.4 0 35 Chad Rosatelli 2 8 4.0 0 8 Daniel Joyce 1 0 0.0 0 0 Josh Kutzner 1 17 17.0 0 0 Total.......... 23 166 7.2 0 35 Opponents...... 27 292 10.8 1 35 INTERCEPTIONS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Mario Camerota 2 17 8.5 0 17 Daniel Joyce 1 0 0.0 0 0 Total.......... 3 17 5.7 0 17 Opponents...... 11 232 21.1 3 74 KICK RETURNS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Jon Gubish 22 419 19.0 0 41 Chad Rosatelli 17 246 14.5 0 43 Nick McKolosky 6 89 14.8 0 23 Jack Seifert 3 50 16.7 0 28 TEAM 1 1 1.0 0 1 Total.......... 49 805 16.4 0 43 Opponents...... 40 839 21.0 0 59 FUMBLE RETURNS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Jordan Belosh 1 21 21.0 0 21 Total.......... 1 21 21.0 0 21 Opponents...... 1 38 38.0 0 38
Westminster College Football 2007 Westminster Overall Individual Statistics (as of Nov 21, 2007) All games |------ PATs ------| SCORING TD FGs Kick Rush Rcv Pass DXP Saf Points ------------------------------------------------------------------ Chad Rosatelli 7 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 42 Brett Ziegler 6 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 36 Nick McKolosky 6 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 36 Fred Romeo 0 2-7 22-27 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 28 Jacob Shaffer 4 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 24 Jason Discello 2 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 12 Kevin Franz 2 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-2 0 0 12 Gary Hutsler 1 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 6 Josh Kutzner 1 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 6 Jake Wilczynski 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 0 Total.......... 29 2-7 22-27 0-0 0 0-2 0 0 202 Opponents...... 40 5-6 31-38 0-1 1 1-1 1 0 290 TOTAL OFFENSE G Plays Rush Pass Total Avg/G --------------------------------------------------- Kevin Franz 9 303 -35 1797 1762 195.8 Nick McKolosky 10 238 978 0 978 97.8 Brett Myers 10 67 0 331 331 33.1 Chad Rosatelli 10 25 92 0 92 9.2 Mike Coleman 4 15 57 0 57 14.2 Jacob Shaffer 10 17 40 0 40 4.0 Josh Kutzner 10 11 25 0 25 2.5 Dusty Rhodes 10 1 12 0 12 1.2 Jason Discello 10 1 2 0 2 0.2 TEAM 10 10 -83 0 -83 -8.3 Total.......... 10 688 1088 2128 3216 321.6 Opponents...... 10 655 1532 1812 3344 334.4 FIELD GOALS FGM-FGA Pct 01-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-99 Lg Blk ----------------------------------------------------------------- Fred Romeo 2-7 28.6 0-1 1-3 1-3 0-0 0-0 30 3 FG SEQUENCE Westminster OPPONENTS ---------------------------------------------------- Allegheny 36,(30),39,(21) 39 Saint Vincent - - Geneva 19 (26) Grove City - - Thomas More - (28),(20) Wash. & Jeff. - - Bethany - - Frostburg State - (32) Thiel 27,28 (42) Waynesburg - - Numbers in (parentheses) indicate field goal was made. PUNTING No. Yds Avg Long TB FC I20 Blkd ---------------------------------------------------------- Dusty Rhodes 48 1901 39.6 60 5 2 14 0 TEAM 3 15 5.0 15 0 0 0 2 Total.......... 51 1916 37.6 60 5 2 14 2 Opponents...... 52 1824 35.1 57 1 7 10 1 KICKOFFS No. Yds Avg TB OB --------------------------------------------- Fred Romeo 41 2168 52.9 0 3 Total.......... 41 2168 52.9 0 3 Opponents...... 53 2592 48.9 0 1
Westminster College Football 2007 Westminster Overall Individual Statistics (as of Nov 21, 2007) All games ALL PURPOSE G Rush Rec PR KOR IR Tot Avg/G ----------------------------------------------------------- Nick McKolosky 10 978 200 0 89 0 1267 126.7 Jon Gubish 10 0 150 141 419 0 710 71.0 Brett Ziegler 10 0 696 0 0 0 696 69.6 Chad Rosatelli 10 92 253 8 246 0 599 59.9 Jason Discello 10 2 322 0 0 0 324 32.4 Jordan Belosh 10 0 171 0 0 0 171 17.1 Jack Seifert 10 0 109 0 50 0 159 15.9 Josh Kutzner 10 25 61 17 0 0 103 10.3 Nick Sorice 10 0 92 0 0 0 92 9.2 Gary Hutsler 10 0 60 0 0 0 60 6.0 Mike Coleman 4 57 0 0 0 0 57 14.2 Jacob Shaffer 10 40 14 0 0 0 54 5.4 Mario Camerota 10 0 0 0 0 17 17 1.7 Dusty Rhodes 10 12 0 0 0 0 12 1.2 Kevin Franz 9 -35 0 0 0 0 -35 -3.9 TEAM 10 -83 0 0 1 0 -82 -8.2 Total.......... 10 1088 2128 166 805 17 4204 420.4 Opponents...... 10 1532 1812 292 839 232 4707 470.7

Overall Defensive Statistics


Westminster College Football 2007 Westminster Overall Defensive Statistics (as of Nov 21, 2007) All games |--------Tackles--------| |-Sacks-| |---Pass Def---| |-Fumbles-| Blkd DEFENSIVE LEADERS GP Solo Ast Total TFL/Yds No-Yds Int-Yds BrUp QBH Rcv-Yds FF Kick Saf ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 Jordan Blinn 10 41 38 79 6.5-23 1.0-9 . 3 . . 1 . . 40 Andrew Robison 10 37 32 69 12.5-53 7.0-44 . 3 . . 2 . . 11 Jake Martinez 10 32 26 58 6.5-19 1.0-4 . 4 . . 1 1 . 42 Adam Falkowski 10 30 22 52 2.5-12 2.0-12 . . . 3-0 1 . . 47 Jake Wilczynski 10 38 9 47 . . . 2 . . . . . 35 Mario Camerota 10 38 7 45 1.0-1 . 2-17 5 . 1-0 1 . . 90 Matt Jaworski 10 21 23 44 3.0-10 1.5-7 . 1 . . . . . 19 Daniel Joyce 10 15 24 39 1.5-4 1.0-4 1-0 2 . . . . . 81 Scott Brucker 10 24 14 38 10.0-50 4.5-28 . 1 2 . 1 . . 68 Jeff Bever 10 10 23 33 2.0-2 . . . . . . . . 3 Eric Brown 10 17 10 27 2.0-5 . . 6 . . . . . 59 Brad Meehan 6 13 10 23 1.0-11 1.0-11 . . . . . . . 26 Jim Petrolla 6 14 6 20 . . . 1 . . . . . 8 Zach Reinhart 8 10 8 18 . . . 1 . . . . . 54 Mike Gibbs 9 5 7 12 1.0-4 . . 1 . . . . . 41 Jake Brown 9 7 5 12 1.0-8 . . . . . . . . 28 Cory Meeker 9 5 6 11 . . . . . . . . . 31 Tyler Stiffey 10 5 2 7 . . . 1 . . . . . 13 Jon Gubish 10 4 2 6 . . . . . . . . . 5 Kiel Wolf 10 3 2 5 . . . 2 . . . . . 22 Dan Barr 10 4 . 4 . . . . . . . . . 34 Jack Seifert 10 4 . 4 . . . . . . . . . 7 Chad Rosatelli 10 2 1 3 . . . . . 1-0 . . . 23 Jason Discello 10 1 2 3 . . . . . . . . . 27 Nathan Wdowiak 4 2 1 3 1.0-1 1.0-1 . . . . . . . 37 Josh Kutzner 10 2 1 3 . . . . . . . 1 . TM TEAM 10 2 . 2 . . . . . 1-0 1 2 . 30 Zak Adams 10 1 1 2 . . . . . . . . . 97 B. Schellhammer 5 . 2 2 . . . . . . . . . 99 Jesse Sylvester 7 . 2 2 0.5-1 . . . . . . . . 57 Brad Fetes 1 2 . 2 . . . . . . . . . 85 Fred Romeo 10 2 . 2 . . . . . . . . . 1 Brett Ziegler 10 1 1 2 1.0-14 . . . . . . . . 33 Nick McKolosky 10 1 1 2 . . . . . . . . . 77 Shane Parker 10 1 . 1 . . . . . . . . . 17 Kevin Franz 9 1 . 1 . . . . . . . . . 93 Jacob Kieffer 4 1 . 1 1.0-2 . . . . . . . . 55 Jim Bonenberger 8 . 1 1 . . . . . . . . . 66 Mike Hazlett 2 1 . 1 . . . . . . . . . 38 Nathan Donolo 1 1 . 1 . . . . . . . . . 18 Jordan Belosh 10 . . . . . . . . 1-21 . . . Total.......... 10 398 289 687 54-220 20-120 3-17 33 2 7-21 8 4 . Opponents...... 10 375 452 827 74-338 25-143 11-232 28 9 9-38 8 6 .

Combined Team Statistics


Westminster College Football 2007 Westminster Combined Team Statistics (as of Nov 21, 2007) All games RECORD: OVERALL HOME AWAY NEUTRAL ALL GAMES........... (5-5-0) (3-2-0) (2-3-0) (0-0-0) CONFERENCE.......... (2-4-0) (2-1-0) (0-3-0) (0-0-0) NON-CONFERENCE...... (3-1-0) (1-1-0) (2-0-0) (0-0-0) DATE OPPONENT W/L SCORE ATTEND ------------ ------------------------ --- ----- ------ Sep 01, 2007 at Allegheny W 13-6 2953 Sep 8, 2007 at Saint Vincent W 48-7 1050 Sep 15, 2007 GENEVA L 14-37 1875 *Sep 29, 2007 GROVE CITY W 14-7 2318 *Oct 06, 2007 at Thomas More L 7-34 1189 *Oct 13, 2007 WASH. & JEFF. L 18-58 1645 *Oct 20, 2007 at Bethany L 21-41 842 Oct 27, 2007 FROSTBURG STATE W 34-30 825 *Nov. 3, 2007 THIEL W 20-16 1375 *Nov 10, 2007 at Waynesburg L 13-54 1850 * denotes conference game TEAM STATISTICS WES OPP --------------------------------------------------- FIRST DOWNS.............. 195 179 Rushing................ 74 81 Passing................ 105 84 Penalty................ 16 14 RUSHING YARDAGE.......... 1088 1532 Yards gained rushing... 1464 1788 Yards lost rushing..... 376 256 Rushing Attempts....... 374 378 Average Per Rush....... 2.9 4.1 Average Per Game....... 108.8 153.2 TDs Rushing............ 12 20 PASSING YARDAGE.......... 2128 1812 Att-Comp-Int........... 314-205-11 277-154-3 Average Per Pass....... 6.8 6.5 Average Per Catch...... 10.4 11.8 Average Per Game....... 212.8 181.2 TDs Passing............ 17 16 TOTAL OFFENSE............ 3216 3344 Total Plays............ 688 655 Average Per Play....... 4.7 5.1 Average Per Game....... 321.6 334.4 KICK RETURNS: #-YARDS.... 49-805 40-839 PUNT RETURNS: #-YARDS.... 23-166 27-292 INT RETURNS: #-YARDS..... 3-17 11-232 FUMBLES-LOST............. 16-9 14-7 PENALTIES-YARDS.......... 76-607 64-589 PUNTS-AVG................ 51-37.6 52-35.1 TIME OF POSSESSION/GAME.. 32:48 27:12 3RD-DOWN CONVERSIONS..... 59/140 50/143 4TH-DOWN CONVERSIONS..... 6/18 20/32 RUSHING GP Att Gain Loss Net Avg TD Long Avg/G ---------------------------------------------------------------- Nick McKolosky 10 238 1083 105 978 4.1 5 39 97.8 Chad Rosatelli 10 25 108 16 92 3.7 1 19 9.2 Mike Coleman 4 15 59 2 57 3.8 0 13 14.2 Jacob Shaffer 10 17 40 0 40 2.4 3 6 4.0 Josh Kutzner 10 11 25 0 25 2.3 1 4 2.5 Dusty Rhodes 10 1 12 0 12 12.0 0 12 1.2 Jason Discello 10 1 2 0 2 2.0 0 2 0.2 Brett Myers 10 13 30 30 0 0.0 0 9 0.0 Kevin Franz 9 43 105 140 -35 -0.8 2 19 -3.9 TEAM 10 10 0 83 -83 -8.3 0 0 -8.3 Total.......... 10 374 1464 376 1088 2.9 12 39 108.8 Opponents...... 10 378 1788 256 1532 4.1 20 53 153.2 PASSING GP Effic Att-Cmp-Int Pct Yds TD Lng Avg/G -------------------------------------------------------------------- Kevin Franz 9 136.33 260-172-9 66.2 1797 15 74 199.7 Brett Myers 10 117.41 54-33-2 61.1 331 2 37 33.1 Total.......... 10 133.07 314-205-11 65.3 2128 17 74 212.8 Opponents...... 10 127.44 277-154-3 55.6 1812 16 63 181.2 RECEIVING GP No. Yds Avg TD Long Avg/G ------------------------------------------------------ Brett Ziegler 10 52 696 13.4 6 74 69.6 Jason Discello 10 32 322 10.1 2 32 32.2 Nick McKolosky 10 29 200 6.9 1 22 20.0 Chad Rosatelli 10 24 253 10.5 6 30 25.3 Jordan Belosh 10 20 171 8.6 0 16 17.1 Jon Gubish 10 16 150 9.4 0 14 15.0 Josh Kutzner 10 9 61 6.8 0 14 6.1 Nick Sorice 10 8 92 11.5 0 37 9.2 Jack Seifert 10 6 109 18.2 0 33 10.9 Gary Hutsler 10 6 60 10.0 1 18 6.0 Jacob Shaffer 10 3 14 4.7 1 7 1.4 Total.......... 10 205 2128 10.4 17 74 212.8 Opponents...... 10 154 1812 11.8 16 63 181.2 FIELD GOALS FGM-FGA Pct 01-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-99 Lg Blk ----------------------------------------------------------------- Fred Romeo 2-7 28.6 0-1 1-3 1-3 0-0 0-0 30 3 |------ PATs ------| SCORING TD FGs Kick Rush Rcv Pass DXP Saf Points ------------------------------------------------------------------ Chad Rosatelli 7 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 42 Nick McKolosky 6 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 36 Brett Ziegler 6 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 36 Fred Romeo 0 2-7 22-27 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 28 Jacob Shaffer 4 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 24 Jason Discello 2 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 12 Kevin Franz 2 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-2 0 0 12 Josh Kutzner 1 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 6 Gary Hutsler 1 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 6 Jake Wilczynski 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0-0 0 0 0 Total.......... 29 2-7 22-27 0-0 0 0-2 0 0 202 Opponents...... 40 5-6 31-38 0-1 1 1-1 1 0 290 SCORE BY QUARTERS 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Total -------------------- --- --- --- --- --- Westminster......... 63 62 34 43 - 202 Opponents........... 66 104 50 70 - 290 INTERCEPTIONS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Mario Camerota 2 17 8.5 0 17 Daniel Joyce 1 0 0.0 0 0 Total.......... 3 17 5.7 0 17 Opponents...... 11 232 21.1 3 74 PUNTING No. Yds Avg Long TB FC I20 Blkd ---------------------------------------------------------- Dusty Rhodes 48 1901 39.6 60 5 2 14 0 TEAM 3 15 5.0 15 0 0 0 2 Total.......... 51 1916 37.6 60 5 2 14 2 Opponents...... 52 1824 35.1 57 1 7 10 1 PUNT RETURNS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Jon Gubish 19 141 7.4 0 35 Chad Rosatelli 2 8 4.0 0 8 Daniel Joyce 1 0 0.0 0 0 Josh Kutzner 1 17 17.0 0 0 Total.......... 23 166 7.2 0 35 Opponents...... 27 292 10.8 1 35 KICK RETURNS No. Yds Avg TD Long -------------------------------------------- Jon Gubish 22 419 19.0 0 41 Chad Rosatelli 17 246 14.5 0 43 Nick McKolosky 6 89 14.8 0 23 Jack Seifert 3 50 16.7 0 28 TEAM 1 1 1.0 0 1 Total.......... 49 805 16.4 0 43 Opponents...... 40 839 21.0 0 59 ALL PURPOSE G Rush Rec PR KOR IR Tot Avg/G ----------------------------------------------------------- Nick McKolosky 10 978 200 0 89 0 1267 126.7 Jon Gubish 10 0 150 141 419 0 710 71.0 Brett Ziegler 10 0 696 0 0 0 696 69.6 Chad Rosatelli 10 92 253 8 246 0 599 59.9 Jason Discello 10 2 322 0 0 0 324 32.4 Total.......... 10 1088 2128 166 805 17 4204 420.4 Opponents...... 10 1532 1812 292 839 232 4707 470.7 TOTAL OFFENSE G Plays Rush Pass Total Avg/G --------------------------------------------------- Kevin Franz 9 303 -35 1797 1762 195.8 Nick McKolosky 10 238 978 0 978 97.8 Brett Myers 10 67 0 331 331 33.1 Chad Rosatelli 10 25 92 0 92 9.2 Mike Coleman 4 15 57 0 57 14.2 Total.......... 10 688 1088 2128 3216 321.6 Opponents...... 10 655 1532 1812 3344 334.4 |--------Tackles--------| |-Sacks-| |---Pass Def---| |-Fumbles-| Blkd DEFENSIVE LEADERS GP Solo Ast Total TFL/Yds No-Yds Int-Yds BrUp QBH Rcv-Yds FF Kick Saf ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 Jordan Blinn 10 41 38 79 6.5-23 1.0-9 . 3 . . 1 . . 40 Andrew Robison 10 37 32 69 12.5-53 7.0-44 . 3 . . 2 . . 11 Jake Martinez 10 32 26 58 6.5-19 1.0-4 . 4 . . 1 1 . 42 Adam Falkowski 10 30 22 52 2.5-12 2.0-12 . . . 3-0 1 . . 47 Jake Wilczynski 10 38 9 47 . . . 2 . . . . . Total.......... 10 398 289 687 54-220 20-120 3-17 33 2 7-21 8 4 . Opponents...... 10 375 452 827 74-338 25-143 11-232 28 9 9-38 8 6 .