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International Studies

Course Descriptions

History Courses:

HIS 102 History of Civilization from 1715 (4 SH). A study of civilization from the death of Louis XIV to the present. The course emphasizes the political and cultural developments of Western society, including the influences of rationalism, industrialism, and nationalism.

HIS 240 Renaissance and Reformation, 1300-1600 (4 SH). A study of the emergence of modern European civilization. Beginning with a review of early European society and institutions, then traces their replacements by the national state, capitalism, and the reformed churches.

HIS 241 Early Modern France, 1600-1815 (4 SH). This period in European history witnesses the radical changes in politics, thought, society, and warfare. Special emphasis is given to absolutism, enlightenment, the French Revolution, Napoleon, the rise of the middle class, and the importance of science and technology.

HIS 242 England: The Age of Elizabeth I (4 SH). A study of the transition from medieval to modern forms of political and economic life from circa 1485-1714.

HIS 243 England: The Age of Empire (4 SH). A study of the emergence of modern England, with emphasis on the development of political democracy, the rise and fall of the British Empire, and the social and cultural history of the Victorian Age.

HIS 245 19th Century Europe (4 SH). A study of the political, social, economic, and diplomatic background of Europe from the Napoleonic Era to the close of the century.

HIS 246 20th Century Europe (4 SH). A study of the political, economic, and cultural development of Europe from the opening of the century to the present.

HIS 249 History of Women in Modern Europe (4 SH). An examination of the changing roles and social status of women in European history in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. Topics include the Church and gender roles, economy and the workplace, marriage and family, women and politics, and sexuality.

HIS 251 Medieval and Early Modern Russia (4 SH). A study of the political, economic, and cultural development of Russia from the earliest times to 1860.

HIS 252 Modern Russia (4 SH). A study of the late Imperial structure and an analysis of the origin, development, and character of the Soviet state and society. Particular attention will be paid to the post-Soviet period (since the collapse of the USSR in 1991).

HIS 253 The Baptism of Rus: A History of Religion in Russia (4 SH). An introduction to the Eastern Orthodox tradition, with particular attention to how it evolved and was celebrated in Russia. Students will explore the dogmas, liturgy, iconography, and history of the Orthodox Church, and attention will be paid to the relationship between the Church and the State, particularly under communism. Attention will also be given to a comparison of Orthodoxy with Western Christian faiths. (Also listed as REL 211.)

HIS 261 China (4 SH). A study of the civilization and institutions of China from the earliest times to the present, with special attention to revolutionary change in 20th century China.

HIS 262 Japan (4 SH). A survey of the cultural, political, social, and economic history of Japan from the earliest times to the present. Particular attention will be paid to the period since the Meiji Revolution. Topics will include: the Shogunate and the imperial system; Buddhism and Shintoism; Japanese militarism; and Japan as a modern economic power.

HIS 271 Latin America to 1825 (4 SH). A study of Latin America from its Indian beginnings, through the colonial period, to the conclusion of the wars for independence. The influences of the Indian and Iberian cultures on the development of the region are compared.

HIS 272 Latin America from 1825 (4 SH). A study of Latin America from 1825 to the present with emphasis upon its political, cultural, and economic importance in world affairs and upon relations with the United States in particular.

HIS 281 Africa to 1800 (4 SH). A survey of African history from the earliest times until 1800. The course examines major political, economic and cultural developments across the continent, including human origins, the great civilizations of the first millennium, and the slave trade.

HIS 282 Africa since 1800 (4 SH). A survey of African history from 1800 to the 21st century. The course traces the major political, economic, and cultural developments on the continent, including European imperialism, African independence, and Africa in the age of globalization.

HIS 303 The Vietnam War. This course will explore the actual causes of the war, the perception of the causes of the war, the military strategy during the war, the post-war military analysis of its successes and mistakes, the social unrest caused by both “popular” and “elite” opposition to the war, and both the short-range and long-range results of the war (including Hollywood’s rewriting of the war’s history).

HIS 305 Marriage, Family and Sexuality in History. A study of family over time, using legal, cultural, and socio-historical resources. Students will examine the historical roots of current social controversies, including abortion, divorce, child-rearing, family structures, and women’s roles in society.

HIS 307 Monarchs and Dynasties. This course examines the role dynasties have played in the development of the modern nation-state. To accomplish this objective, students will examine not only institutions such as the royal court, but also will look at the family structure and anthropology of dynasties. The interplay between the private and the public roles of monarchical rulers is the central concern of this course, which will focus in particular on Russia, the Habsburg Empire, France and Britain.

HIS 308 Cold War. The second half of the 20th century was dominated by the rivalry of the United States with the Soviet Union. This course will research such questions as the following: How did this almost deadly confrontation start? How and why did it end? Where were the “hot spots” of the cold war, and why were they there? The course will also look at the domestic impact of the American-Soviet confrontation and explore such questions as how anti-communism affected American culture, Americans’ view of themselves, and ultimately America’s identity.

HIS 311 South Africa. This course will explore the question of how South Africans can negotiate their past, which was marked by racial inequality and injustice, and form a new non-racial, democratic nation. To answer this question, the interactions of race, class, gender, and culture in South Africa from the 17th century to the present will be examined. Primary documents, films, music, and literature will help to illuminate the interplay between history and memory in South Africa.

HIS 312 Topics in History and Film. This course explores, on a rotating basis, advanced themes in history (e.g., nationalism, war and other types of conflict, religion and society, etc.) through the viewing and study of films on historical subjects. The focus of the course is on both the cinematography of the films (i.e., the art and craft of filmmaking) and on matters of the historical accuracy and the historical context of the films. It is strongly recommended that students who are not history majors or minors take HIS 101 or 102 before taking this course.

HIS 410 Historical Methods and Analysis (4 SH). An introduction to the research methods of the historian. This course will examine the nature and use of historical sources (primary and secondary), develop mastery of presentation and reference conventions, and introduce the ancillary historical disciplines (e.g., paleography, numismatics, vexillology, etc.). Although the emphasis is on skills, the course is topical, examining the history of a selected period, event, or culture. Required of history majors (normally taken in the sophomore year), but open also to interested history minors.

HIS 420 Historiography: An Introduction to the History of Historical Writing (4 SH). This course will expose students to classic works of history and introduce various schools of thought (e.g., Marxist, structuralist, annalistic, economic, feminist/gender) that characterize modern historical knowledge. Required of history majors (normally taken in the junior year). Prerequisite: C- or better in HIS 101, 102, and 410 or permission of instructor.

HIS 590-594 Field Experience/Internship (1-4 SH). Prerequisite: permission of the instructor and the department chair.

HIS 601 History Capstone (4 SH). Research in selected topics. This course is required of senior history majors who are not enrolled in the All-College Honors Program. Prerequisite: C- or better in HIS 101, 102, 410, and 420 or permission of instructor.

Language Courses:

IC 102 Reading the World (4 SH). An introduction to the study of culture in countries where French, German, and Spanish are spoken. The course uses texts in the broadest sense, including literature, film, advertising, and cultural theory, in order to explore culture from an interdisciplinary perspective. This course examines the specific content and form of these four kinds of texts and the role of gender, race, and social class in shaping them. Special emphasis is given to texts by and about women, minorities, and the Third World.

FR 202 Intermediate French II (4 SH). A continuation of the skills and emphases stated for FR 201. Prerequisite: FR 201 or consent of instructor.

FR 301 Advanced Conversation and Composition I (4 SH). A course in oral and written practice at the advanced level, designed to develop fluency in speaking and writing French. The emphasis is on the reading of cultural and literary texts, as well as current periodicals, which serve as the basis for group discussion and for writing short essays. Prerequisite: FR 202 or consent of instructor.

FR 302 Advanced Conversation and Composition II (4 SH). A continuation of the skills and emphases stated for FR 301. Prerequisite: FR 301 or permission of instructor.

FR 303 Commercial French (4 SH). An introduction to the technical vocabulary of international business, including the writing of business letters and the translation of magazine articles using the computer. Authentic documents and videos are used. The course also studies advertising images, immigration, and business ethics in their cultural and historical context. A competency examination is given at the end of the course. Prerequisite: FR 302 or consent of instructor.

FR 351 French Culture (4 SH). An introduction to major French social institutions in their historical context. The course examines the various factors (historical, social, economic, artistic) that have shaped contemporary cultural identity. The arts and popular culture are included. Prerequisite: FR 302 or consent of instructor.

FR 401 The Age of Louis XIV (4 SH). An examination of the works of such Baroque and Neoclassical authors as De LaFayette, Racine, and Moliere. Prerequisite: FR 302 or consent of instructor.

FR 402 Studies in 19th Century France (4 SH). A study of 19th century French literature within its cultural and artistic context. Authors such as Balzac, Sand, and Flaubert are included. Prerequisite: FR 302 or consent of instructor.

FR 403 France in the Modern Era (4 SH). An introduction to 20th century French literature that studies texts in their relationship to the society and artistic movements out of which they emerge. Authors such as Gide, Camus, and DeBeauvoir are included. Prerequisite: FR 302 or consent of instructor.

FR 408, 409 Topics in French (4 SH). An in-depth study of the literature of a specific area, genre, or time period, as determined by the instructor. Topics often focus on gender and/or cultural issues. Prerequisite: FR 302 or consent of instructor.

FR 590-594 Field Experience/Internship (1-4 SH). Prerequisite: FR 301 or consent of instructor.

FR 601 French Capstone (4 SH). A course required of all French majors. The course will examine in some depth a topic in the language, literature, or culture of the French-speaking world. Both classic works and some that are less well known (especially by women and minorities in less industrialized societies) will be examined. Literature, film, and cultural theory are included; methodology is interdisciplinary. Plenary sessions for this course are combined with those of German and Spanish, and are taught in English; however, French majors will also do independent research under the direction of a member of the French faculty and will write their final paper in French.

SPA 202 Intermediate Spanish II (4 SH). A continuation of the skills and emphases stated for SPA 201. Prerequisite: SPA 201 or consent of instructor.

SPA 301 Advanced Conversation and Composition I (4 SH). A course in oral and written practice at the advanced level, designed to develop fluency in speaking and writing Spanish. The emphasis is on the reading of cultural and literary texts, as well as current periodicals, which serve as the basis for group discussion and for writing short essays. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or consent of instructor.

SPA 302 Advanced Conversation and Composition II (4 SH). A continuation of the skills and emphases stated for SPA 301. Prerequisite: SPA 301 or consent of instructor.

SPA 303 Commercial Spanish (4 SH). An introduction to the technical vocabulary of international business, including the writing of business letters and the translation of magazine articles using the computer. Authentic documents and videos are used. The course also examines advertising images, immigration, and business ethics in their cultural and historical context. A competency examination will be given at the end of the course. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 351 Culture of Spain (4 SH). An introduction to major institutions of peninsular Spain in their historical context. The course examines the various factors (historical, social, economic, artistic) that have shaped contemporary cultural identity. The arts and popular culture are included. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 352 Cultures of Hispanic America (4 SH). A study of the cultural diversity of Hispanic America presented through literature, film, and the arts. Attention is given to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and the United States in the 20th century. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 401 Studies in the Golden Age of Spain (4 SH). A study of the major literary works of the 16th and 17th centuries and of the cultural values that provide the context for these works. Emphasis will be given to the unique character of the Spanish Renaissance within the greater European movement. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 402 Studies in 19th Century Spain (4 SH). A study of selected works by representative authors from the major literary movements of 19th century Spain, with consideration given to the history, art, and culture of the era. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 403 Spain in the Modern Era (4 SH). A study of representative works of literature from the Generation of ’98, the Generation of ’27, and the postwar period in Spain undertaken in conjunction with developments in the arts, politics, and society. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 404 Hispanic American Short Story (4 SH). A study of the Hispanic American short story within its historical and cultural context from the 19th century until the present. Authors such as Lugones, Borges and Garcia Marquez are included. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 407 Advanced Spanish Language Skills (4 SH). A course emphasizing the development of reading, writing, and speaking skills through textual analysis, creative writing, and oral practice. Short fiction, poems, essays, and articles pertaining to Hispanic culture will serve as models and topics for composition and discussion. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 408, 409 Topics in Spanish: Hispanic America (4 SH). An in-depth study focusing on a major Hispanic American writer, a genre, the literary and artistic production of a particular country, or a significant theme. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 410, 411 Topics in Spanish: Spain (4 SH). An in-depth study focusing on a major peninsular Spanish writer, genre, period, or significant theme. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or consent of instructor.

SPA 590-594 Field Experience/Internship (1-4 SH). Prerequisite: SPA 301 or consent of instructor.

SPA 601 Spanish Capstone (4 SH). A course required of all Spanish majors. The course will examine in some depth a topic in the language, literature, or culture of the Spanish-speaking world. Both classic works and some that are less well known (especially by women and minorities in less industrialized societies) will be examined. Literature, film, and cultural theory are included; methodology is interdisciplinary. Plenary sessions for this course are combined with those of French and German, and are taught in English; however, Spanish majors will also do independent research under the direction of a member of the Spanish faculty and will write their final paper in Spanish.

Poltical Science Courses:

PS 101 Introduction to Political Science (4 SH). An introduction to the discipline of political science. The aim of the course is to introduce students to the scope and nature of political science, the fundamental problems of political life in the contemporary world, and the main types of political systems around the world. Special attention is paid to the challenges facing democracy as a political system in the coming decades.

PS 102 American National Government (4 SH). A critical introduction to the institutions, processes, powers, and limitations of the American national government. Special attention is given to an examination of the role of the citizen in American government and to the nature of democracy in America. Proposals for the reform of American government are also examined.

PS 103 Introduction to Political Philosophy (4 SH). An introductory examination of several ofthe basic problems of political life. The issues considered include the nature and function of order, authority, law, justice, freedom, equality and progress.

PS 104 International Politics (4 SH). A study of politics among states and other actors who affect global relations. Once establishing a background in the concepts used to analyze world politics, students will use these concepts to explore the Cold War era, the end of that system, and several pertinent international issues in the areas of security, economics, and the environment.

PS 204 Model United Nations (1 SH). This course prepares students to participate in a simulation that utilizes the basic structural tenets and procedural framework of the United Nations. Students develop familiarity with parliamentary procedures and a working knowledge of the national interests of member states. Students either attend a national Model United Nations conference or serve as conference staff for the Westminster College Model United Nations high school conference. Delegates work as diplomats, representing various countries and working towards solutions to various international problems. Conference staff members prepare a simulation experience and host committee sessions for area high school students. This course may be repeated for up to a total of four semester hours.

PS 222 Modern Democratic Ideologies (4 SH). A study of both the basic principles of democracy and also several modern ideologies which operate within the framework of democratic values and practices. Among those ideologies examined are liberalism, conservatism, democratic capitalism, democratic socialism, Christian democracy, and liberation theology. Central to the examination will be such problems as the role and value of the individual, the powers of government, and the organization of the economy and the distribution of rewards within the societies proposed by each ideology.

PS 232 Comparative European Governments and Politics (4 SH). A comparative study of the political systems and current challenges facing selected European powers. The patterns of political culture, political interests, political power, and public policy are analyzed. In addition, the project of European integration (the European Union) will be studied, and its current and future relations with the United States investigated.

PS 233 Government and Politics of Developing Countries (4 SH). Selected countries from the Third World will be studied to analyze the politics of change in the developing countries as they face the complex world of the international system. In particular, these issues will be studied: political instability; money management, inflation, and foreign debt; population pressures on limited resources; ethnic problems contributing to city, rural and regional frictions; asymmetrical economic development; and foreign policy issues relating to trade and diplomacy with industrialized countries of the world.

PS 235 African Politics and Society (4 SH). A study of the interaction between politics and social structures in Africa. Topics will include political organization in pre-modern Africa, the development and impact of slavery, the operations and impact of European colonialism, thestruggle for independence, the nature of the African state, the operation of democratic and authoritarian governments, the role of women, and the effects of AIDS.

PS 236 Politics of the Russian Federation & Former Soviet Republics (4 SH). This course introduces students to important issues in contemporary Russian politics including the development of its political, economic and social institutions. Students will examine the historical development of Russia’s governing institutions; compare the Russian Federation to other post- Soviet republics, and consider Russia’s regional and global significance.

PS 254 Seminar in Comparative Politics. Special topics related to the selected area to be offered are announced prior to each registration period.

PS 255 Seminar in International Politics. Special topics related to the selected area to be offered are announced prior to each registration period.

PS 301 Junior Seminar: Research Design and Analysis in Political Science (4 SH). An introduction to the various approaches to and challenges of research design and analysis in the discipline of political science. The goal is for each student to design a research project which will then be pursued in the Senior Capstone course. This course must be taken in the spring of the junior year. Prerequisites: PS 101, 102, 103, 104 and junior standing.

PS 331 Geopolitics (4 SH). This course reviews traditional understanding of geopolitics, but moves beyond examining how geography impacts the projection of military power; addressing broader issues regarding the relationship between territory and international conflict. Particular attention will be paid to how nationalism and globalization have transformed the relationship between geography and war.

PS 332 U.S. Foreign Policy (4 SH). An exploration of the actors, institutions, and processes that shape the making of contemporary U.S. foreign policy. The course begins with an overview of Cold War foreign policy, and then focuses on the challenges facing American policy in the post- Cold War era. Special attention is given to the continuities and changes in the political processes through which foreign policy is made, and different theoretical approaches to the explanation of United States foreign policy. Prerequisite: PS 104 or permission of instructor.

PS 342 Politics and the Economy (4 SH). An examination of the manifold relationships between political life and economic organization, with an emphasis on advanced capitalist societies. The course will consider major theories about the relationship between government and theeconomy, explore the history and variety of relationships between the state and the market economy, evaluate the impact of economic change on political life, and discuss some of the pressing contemporary issues in this area, such as fiscal policy and government deficits, free trade/protectionism and international economic interdependence, monetary policy, government regulation of the economy, and questions of poverty and inequality. Prerequisite: PS 101 or permission of instructor.

PS 431 International Law and Organization (4 SH). A study of selected international institutions that have been constructed to address challenges faced by the world’s states. The course will introduce the student to several theories of international cooperation and explore the validity of these approaches in explaining behavior in the United Nations system (which consists of many international organizations). Students will leave the course with an understanding of the structures of these organizations, as well as a sense of how and why they work and sometimes fail to work. Topical areas will include peacekeeping, arms control and disarmament (e.g., nuclear weapons, biological and chemical warfare), development and trade, social and humanitarian issues (e.g., refugees, drug trafficking, transnational crime), and legal issues (e.g., war criminals, asylum). Prerequisite: PS 104 or permission of instructor.

PS 601 Senior Capstone (4 SH). An examination of central theoretical debates and challenges confronting modern political scientists. Over the course of the semester, each student will complete a substantial research project that applies a contemporary theoretical approach to a pressing issue in contemporary political life. This course must be taken in the fall of the senior year. Prerequisite: PS 301.

Sociology Courses:

SOC 105 Cultural Anthropology (4 SH). A study of the cultures and social structures of preindustrial societies, in the contemporary developing world and within still existing indigenous societies. Special attention is given to cultural diversity, theories of societal development, and historical relationships between industrial and pre-industrial societies.

SOC 215 Women in Cross-Cultural Perspective (4 SH). This course examines the contemporarysituations of women in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America, with particular attention to how their economic, political, family, and religious roles and dominant cultural ideologies influence their world-views, opportunities and experiences. Particular attention is paid to how women themselves construct and experience their lives in various cultural contexts. The experience of societal development within these nations, and its particular consequences for women, will be highlighted throughout.

SOC 304 Social Change (4 SH). An investigation into processes by which large-scale modifications of societies occur, current thinking about social evolution, changes in modern society, and development in developing countries. Prerequisite: One lower-level sociology or criminal justice studies course or permission of instructor.

SOC 350 Social Theory (4 SH). A survey of dominant traditions in classical and contemporary social theory, as derived from their social context. This course is a preparation for more specialized study in sociology. Prerequisite: SOC 101 and one additional sociology or criminal justice studies course. Offered Fall Semester.

SOC 590-594 Field Experience/Internship (1-4 SH).

SOC 601 Sociology Capstone I (4 SH). The student will relate a substantive topic to the major theoretical and methodological schools in sociology. To be taken in spring of the junior year. Prerequisites: SOC 250 and SSC 251.

SOC 602 Sociology Capstone II (4 SH). The student will conduct a significant research project in the fall of the senior year. Prerequisites: SSC 252 and SOC 601.

Other Supporting Courses:

CLC 101-119 Studies in World Literature and Culture (4 SH). The study of a variety of works and genres from both Western and non-Western cultures.

CLC 120-129 Studies in French and Francophone Literature and Culture (4 SH). The study of French and Francophone texts exemplifying various themes, topics, and/or periods, viewed in the context of the culture that produced them.

CLC 140-159 Studies in Hispanic Literature and Culture (4 SH). The study of Spanish and Hispanic American texts exemplifying various themes, topics, and/or periods, viewed in the context of the culture that produced them.
-CLC 141 Women in Latin America
-CLC 144 Central America
-CLC 145 Chile: History & Culture
-CLC 146 Don Quixote

CLC 160-169 Studies in Classical Literature and Culture (4 SH). The study of Classical Greek and/or Roman texts exemplifying certain themes, topics, and/or periods, viewed in the context of the culture that produced them.
-CLC 163 Greco-Roman Science

ECO 152 Principles of Macroeconomics (4 SH). The course concerns the aggregate economic variables of gross domestic product, the consumer price index, employment, consumption, saving, investment, imports, exports, exchange rates, taxes, government spending and debt, money, and interest rates, and how they fluctuate and are related to each other. The effects of individual behavior and government policy on these variables receive attention.

ECO 350 Economic Development and Growth (4 SH). A theoretical and empirical analysis of the causes of lack of development in the Third World. The course focuses on the major problems currently confronting developing countries, including agricultural development and food production, population growth, income distribution, employment, education, and international economic relationships. The causes of the problems and alternative policy solutions for them are analyzed. Prerequisites: ECO 150 and 152.

ECO 365 International Trade and Finance (4 SH). An introduction to theories and policies concerning international trade, open economy macroeconomics, and international finance. Topics include traditional and modern theories of international trade, trade policies in advanced and developing countries, the balance of payments, fixed and flexible exchange rates, arbitrage and hedging, monetary and fiscal policies, currency areas, international debt, and the global capital market. Prerequisites: ECO 150 and 152. (Also listed as BA 365.)

GEO 101 World Geography (4 SH). An introductory course in world regional geography. The study of our “place” on the planet is related to the National Geography Standards. The course will consider such topics as factors in development and lack of development, economics, plate tectonics, topography, climate, and population. Economics strand included.

MUS 101 Introduction to Western Music (4 SH). An historical study of the basic elements and major periods of 2,000 years of Western music, major composers and their works, with emphasis on the development of listening skills. Satisfies IP credit in Humanity and Culture.

MUS 102 Introduction to Ethnomusicology (4 SH). Historic survey of music of non-Western societies as it relates to the different cultures. Study of development of instruments, vocal practices and performance media within the specific cultures. Satisfies IP credit in Visual and Performing Arts.

REL 111 Understanding Religious Experience and Expression (4 SH). A cross-cultural study of religious life as a global phenomenon. The course examines the narratives, rituals, symbols, beliefs, forms of salvation, and moralities of the world’s religious communities. Particular attention is given to concepts and tools for analyzing and understanding these expressions and dimensions of human experience.

REL 116 Religions from the Middle East (4 SH). A study of the histories, narratives, rituals, and scriptures of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, with special attention to Judaism and Islam in the 20th century.

REL 117 Religions from India (4 SH). A study of the histories, narratives, rituals, scriptures, and meditative practices that have historically made up the major religious traditions of India, with special attention given to Hinduism in its modern Indian and Western forms.

REL 118 Religions from China (4 SH). A historical, social, and philosophical study of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism, as these three broad traditions developed and interacted in China from the 6th century B.C. down to the modern era, with specific consideration given to the modern period.

REL 122 Religion and the Arts (4 SH). A study of the relation of religion and the arts. The focus may be on one or more of the following categories: drama, music, art, literature, and/or cinema. (Also listed as MUS 173.)

REL 211 Eastern Orthodox Christianity (4 SH). An introduction to the Eastern Orthodox tradition, with particular attention to how it evolved and was celebrated in Russia. Students will explore the dogmas, liturgy, iconography, and history of the Orthodox Church; and attention will be given to the relationship between the Church and the State, particularly under communism. Students will also be asked to compare Orthodoxy with Western Christian traditions and with their own notions of worship and religious expression. (Also listed as HIS 153.)

REL 216 Celtic Spirituality (4 SH). Using an historical and theological approach, this course explores both the pre-Christian religion and practices of the people known as the Celts and the development of the Celtic Christian tradition. The particular characteristics of Celtic Christianity will be examined in relation to the emphases found in the Roman Catholic tradition. The class will also look at modern communities that are building on the foundations of Celtic spirituality.

SSC 251 Research Methods for Social Science (4 SH). An introduction to the nature and processes of social science inquiry. Particular attention is given to designing social science research projects, and to techniques for gathering, analyzing, and communicating data from both primary and secondary sources. The course is intended to increase the student’s ability to understand published studies and to enhance student research skills. Prerequisite: Two sociology criminal justice studies and/or political science courses.

SSC 252 Data Analysis for Social Science (4 SH). An introduction to methods of tabulating, analyzing, and interpreting empirical social science data; and to the use of computers in social science research. Emphasis is placed on assessing strengths, weaknesses, requirements, and applicability of the various statistical methods. Prerequisite: SSC 251 or some exposure to research methods and instructor permission.

 

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